25.07.2012 - Lehrbuchbeispiel Downburst in den USA

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Donnerstag 26. Juli 2012, 15:44

A Downburst Occurred Over O'Hare International Airport Early Thursday Morning

Late Wednesday night into early Thursday morning brought thunderstorms developing eastward into northern Illinois. Rich atmospheric moisture along with sufficient wind shear and instability presented a scattered severe thunderstorm threat, namely strong winds at the surface. One ingredient favorable for downburst winds was that the lower atmosphere remained well-mixed despite the overnight time. This ensured downdrafts from thunderstorm cloud bases would be stronger, rushing downward and surging outward at a greater speed than normal. To the right is a regional radar image with a model analysis of downdraft CAPE overlaid. Very high values indicative of strong downdraft potential were present across the region. For more about downdraft CAPE and how it relates to a downburst wind threat, see here.

July 26, 2012 1 am Regional Radar Image with Downdraft CAPE Overlaid

Below is a listing of the severe weather reports received on early Thursday morning. The reports in Winnebago and Boone Counties were from rain-cooled outflow which had rushed out from storms in eastern Iowa, far northwest Illinois, and southern Wisconsin. This again could be attributed to the well-mixed state of the lower atmosphere ahead of the storms. Also on the list of reports is a 70 mph gust measured at O'Hare International Airport, which was due to an individual storm downburst.

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Radar Imagery

Below is three-dimensional radar reflectivity imagery from KLOT of the storm that quickly developed, and just as rapidly descended over O'Hare International Airport between 1:20 and 1:40 am. The quick descent of the strong reflectivity within the storm is a direct measurement of the storm's precipitation core racing downward. The core was between 60 and 65 dBZ in intensity and roughly 10,000 ft deep. The center of this highest reflectivity descended approximately 20,000 ft in ten minutes based on the radar imagery. The point where it reached the ground happened to be right over the airport. Water loading of the core due to such rich moisture, and then some degree of evaporational cooling below the cloud base, created the 70 mph observed gust as the core neared and reached the ground. Radar interpretation combined with environmental analysis allows for warning forecasters to detect these type of threats, and aided in the issuance of a severe thunderstorm warning prior to this core collapse.

3-D Radar Image: 1:21 am

3-D Radar Image: 1:25 am

3-D Radar Image: 1:29 am

3-D Radar Image: 1:34 am

3-D Radar Image: 1:40 am

Images were created within the GR2Analyst Program.
Quelle: http://www.crh.noaa.gov/news/display_cm ... 4&source=0
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